Social Psychology Network

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Robert J. Vallerand

Robert J. Vallerand

  • SPN Mentor

Most of my research has focused on intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. In so doing, I have studied both the determinants and the consequences of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. This research has led me to propose a Hierarchical Model of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation (Vallerand, 1997, Advances in Experimental Social Psychology). The Model provides a conceptual framework for organizing and understanding the core mechanisms underlying intrinsic and extrinsic motivational processes as well as lead to novel hypotheses. For instance, it is now possible to study intrinsic and extrinsic motivation from a multidimensional and hierarchical perspective. Finally, the model also serves to bridge the personality and social psychology perspectives of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.

More recently, I have proposed a Dualistic Model of Passion for activities (Vallerand et al., 2003, JPSP). Research has shown that a large percentage of people have passion for a variety of activities. Such a passion can be either Harmonious or Obsessive. Research in a variety of life domains has shown that Harmonious typically leads to adaptive outcomes and Obsessive passion to less adaptive and even
maladaptive outcomes.

Primary Interests:

  • Attitudes and Beliefs
  • Motivation, Goal Setting
  • Personality, Individual Differences
  • Research Methods, Assessment
  • Self and Identity

Research Group or Laboratory:

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  • Vallerand, R. J. (Ed.). (2006). Les fondements de la psychologie sociale (Foundations of social psychology). Montreal, QC: Gaëtan Morin.
  • Vallerand, R. J., & Hess, U. (Eds.). (2000). Méthodes de recherche en psychologie (Research methods in psychology). Montreal, QC.: Gaëtan Morin.

Journal Articles:

  • Amiot, C., Vallerand, R.J., & Blanchard, C. (2006). Passion and psychological adjustment: A test of the person-environment fit hypothesis. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 220-229.
  • Guay, F., Boggiano, A. K., & Vallerand, R. J. (2001). Autonomy support, motivation, and perceived competence: Conceptual and empirical linkages. Personality and Social Bulletin, 27, 643-650.
  • Koestner, R., Losier, G. F., Vallerand, R. J., & Carducci, D. (1996). Identified and introjected forms of political internalization:Extending self-determination theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 1025-1036.
  • Losier, G. F., Perreault, S., Koestner, R., & Vallerand, R. J. (2001). Examining individual differences in the internalization of political values: Validation of the Self-Determination Scale of Political Motivation (SDSPM). Journal of Research in Personality, 35, 41-61.
  • Noels, K. A., Pelletier, L. G., Clément, R., & Vallerand, R. J. (2000). Why are you learning a second language? Motivational orientations and self-determination theory. Language and Learning, 50, 57-85.
  • Pelletier, L. G., & Vallerand, R. J. (1996). Supervisors' beliefs and subordinates' intrinsic motivation: A behavioral confirmation analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71, 331-340.
  • Ratelle, C. F., Baldwin, M., & Vallerand, R. J. (2005). On the cued activation of situational motivation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 41, 482-487.
  • Senécal, C., Vallerand, R. J., & Guay, F. (2001). Antecedents and outcomes of work-family conflict: Toward a motivational model. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 176-186.
  • Vallerand, R. J., Blanchard, et al. (2003). Les passions de l’âme : On obsessive and harmonious passion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 756-767.
  • Vallerand, R. J., Fortier, M. S., & Guay, F. (1997). Self-determination and persistence in a real-life setting: Toward a motivational model of high school dropout. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 1161-1176.
  • Vallerand, R. J., Salvy, S.J., Mageau, G. A., Denis, P., Grouzet, F. M. E., & Blanchard, C .B. (in press). On the role of passion in performance. Journal of Personality.

Other Publications:

  • Vallerand, R. J. (1997). Toward a hierarchical model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. In M.P. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology (pp. 271-360). New York: Academic Press.
  • Vallerand, R. J., & Ratelle, C. F. (2002). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation: A hierarchical model. Dans E. L. Deci and R. M. Ryan (Eds.), The motivation and self-determination of behavior: Theoretical and applied issues. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press.

Courses Taught:

  • Introduction to Motivation and Emotion
  • Proseminar in Social Psychology
  • Psychology of Intrinsic Motivation
  • Social Psychology

Robert J. Vallerand
Université du Québec à Montréal
Laboratoire de Recherche sur le Comportement Social
Departement de Psychologie
Montréal, Quebec H3C 3P8

  • Phone: (514) 987-4836
  • Fax: (514) 987-7953

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